While everyone’s lived experiences vary, many people can relate to living a life with a secret or dealing with some form of dysfunction. Unfortunately, for some, dysfunction can become “normal” which can lead to various forms of self-limiting behaviors. Growing up in this environment can contribute to substance abuse, self-hate, dysfunctional relationships, low self-esteem, and additional trauma. Whether it be molestation, rape, domestic violence, or identity issues, the shame and fear of how others will view us keeps many in a cycle of emotional incarceration. Learn about shame, stigma, guilt, and skills for working with clients struggling with these common feelings after traumatization.